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Digestive disorders

Hypertension (high blood pressure)- Information

If you have hypertension you have an increased risk of blood vessel diseases such as heart attacks, strokes, heart failure, etc. Hypertension is almost always without symptoms until damage occurs. Current guidance suggests that your blood pressure should be at least below 140/90mmHg whatever your age. If you have other risks such as diabetes, previous stroke, previous heart-attack, chronic kidney disease, or protein in the urine then your target blood pressure should be less than 130/80 mmHg.

Your risk of blood vessel diseases is not affected by your blood pressure alone. Other important factors that raise your risk:

  • Increasing age
  • Elevated blood lipids (fats: cholesterol or triglyceride)
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • A family history of vascular disease

If your blood pressure is not at these target levels, please discuss this further with your General Practitioner. Your doctor may consider referral if your blood pressure is inadequately controlled or there are other features which would make further investigation desirable.

On referral, you will have a thorough investigation of the cause of the high blood pressure if indicated, and detailed investigations to look for evidence of organ damage. The presence or absence of organ damage can make a difference to the risk of future problems, and also the level of blood pressure control that it is necessary to achieve.


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